Below are the ways to get the value from all types of form elements.
Validating form input with Java Script is easy to do and can save a lot of unnecessary calls to the server as all processing is handled by the web browser.
It can prevent people from leaving fields blank, from entering too little or too much or from using invalid characters.
When the form is submitted - either by hitting Enter or clicking on the Submit button - the (the 'value' of the field called 'input' belonging to the form). In a real-life situation you will most likely have more fields to check, and more complicated conditions, but the principle remains the same.
Other form values are available using a similar syntax, although this becomes more complicated if you're using SELECT lists, checkboxes or radio buttons (see below for examples). All you need to do is extend the command is encountered, execution of the function is halted.